From the name
itself you will understand these two terms, “distance” and “displacement”.
However, I will share with you some basic knowledge regarding those terms.

Imagine that you
were at a place called “A” at time t1.If you have to go to the place “C”
through the place “C” as shown in the figure 1.And if you reach at “C” at time
t2. Ie, within the time interval t1 and t2 you covered the path “ABC” as in the
figure 1 below.

Then, the total distance that you have covered in the
interval t1 and t2 equals to the length of the path “ABC” is called

**distance**. This can be expressed with a numerical value completely and so it is a scalar quantity.
When analyzing your path you have started from the place
“A” and you reached at ”B”.ie,finally you have just moved from A to C. The
straight distance between A and C is called

**displacement**in the interval t1 and t2 (this has shown in the figure as dotted line).Without the initial and final positions, we cannot express this term completely.ie, Displacement is a vector quantity (means, needs the magnitude and direction).The direction of displacement is from initial position to final position.**Displacement can be zero, positive or negative.**

In general, distance travelled between two points may
not be equal to magnitude of the displacement between same points.

If you know some basics of vector addition, you can solve the
problems to find the displacement easily in a 3D space. Imagine a particle at
the position “1” at time, t1. If the same particle is at position “2” at
time,t2 as shown in the figure 2 below. Here, r1 is the position vector of “1”
as in the figure. Similarly, r2 is the position vector of position “2”.Position
vector is the vector with tail at origin and head directing to a position. ∆r is the displacement vector
having direction from initial to final position(ie, from 1 to 2).

By vector addition we know that, r1 + ∆r = r2
.

So, ∆r = r2 – r1.

ie, Displacement = final position vector – initial position vector.

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